Journal //


(Copenhagen, Malmö, Göteborg, Stockholm, Helsinki)

As in any run, being the first has not only advantages. Indeed, new challenges occur, and new concerns may emerge, no matter how favourable the overall context in these countries may be. To what extent are some possibilities already saturated? And overall, what does it imply to be a frontrunner?

So many adventures we had in Scandinavian countries! More than anywhere else was the “trip” side of TREVE so present for us. Our only regret is that we were not able to go by Norway, on which we managed nonetheless to gather several insights, as it the country is integrated into the same energy markets as the three others...


Denmark is far ahead regarding energy transition: wind mills are everywhere along the road, bikes are kings in the city... the green and high-tech label is everywhere. Nevertheless, this is also where we had to face the biggest problems regarding our electric car. Indeed, the charging points weren't functioning with our Renault ZOE, as the charging network 'CLEVER' didn't recognise our car model. We had to call several times their emergency service in order to get charged... Copenhagen but also our trip from Gothenburg to Stockholm became suddenly an unexpected challenge.

We met Mr. Mihai Tomescu, from the European Environment Agency, who gave us extra views of the European energy policy and of their results. Then, Mrs. Camilla Staehr Danekilde, from the Town Hall, on the city’s ambitious Climate Action Plan.


For our fist time in Sweden, we took a whole afternoon to visit Malmö, a city famous for leading the way in terms of sustainable urban environment.

First, we went to a cutting-edge area (Hyllie), where an important number of solar panels, smart grids, and other energy technologies make it one of the most advanced blocks in Europe in the energy transition.

Then, we met Mrs. Lotta Hansson, who guided us through the West Port block, the oldest area in Malmö which engaged in a transition-friendly urban planning. In the windy Southern-Sweden fresh air, we learnt the history Malmö, a proactive city that has been, since the early 2000s, in the realm of the energy shift.


In Göteborg, we had the privilege to interview Pr. Tomas Kåberger, from Chalmers University, a leading scientist in the realm of the energy transition, who gave us formidable insights on how the energy shift was managed in Sweden, and more broadly in Europe. We had then a talk with Mrs. Tanja Tränkle, from Offshorevast, a think tank on offshore energy in the University of Chalmers, who told us her concerns about the possibilities to develop offshore wind in Sweden.

On our way to Sweden, we had the unexpected pleasure to discuss with Mr. Henrik Ahlin, Market and Sales Manager at Vallacom, a local renewable energy companies, on the constraints faced by small companies in Sweden.


In Stockholm we exchanged with Pr. Luca de Lorenzo, from the Sweden Environmental Institute, with whom we talked about policy determinants and challenges for the future in Sweden in Europe.

We then met Mr. Maurice Jenkens, from a company building floating wind mills, Hexicon, thanks to whom we could explore the barriers and obstacles faced by energy start-ups in Sweden.


In Finland, after a day of ferry, we met Mr. Lauri Muranen, from the World Energy Council, who provided us with precious insights on the development of energy in Sweden, especially regarding nuclear power.

We then met Mrs. Pirjo Jantunen, from HELEN, Helsinki’s municipal energy company, who told us about the company’s plans and its links with regulation bodies.
Finally, we had the extreme pleasure to meet Pr. Eva Heiskanen, from Aalto University, who taught us so much about the social and economic aspects of the energy transition in Europe and Finland.